The road to becoming a real estate broker isn’t easy to navigate. While a college education is helpful, it is not necessary. Anyone who wants to become a real estate agent needs to get a state-approved license. Even though the process is specific to each state, there are some general rules.
What Are the Real Estate Education Requirements?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, applicants need at least a high school diploma. Yet, they can also pursue a bachelor’s degree in finance and real estate. In fact, most states require a completed postsecondary course in real estate and finance. Conversely, certain states only need the candidates to be of a certain age (18–19 years). As long as they meet that criterion, they do not need a high school diploma.
Undergraduate courses related to real estate include:
● property development
● real estate investments
● property management
● real estate law
● real estate appraisal
Moreover, one can enroll in certificate programs offered by several institutions.
Schools and Pre-Licensing Education
The candidate needs to complete between 60 and 90 hours of basic real estate undergraduate education. It doesn’t matter if the classes are conducted online or in person. What matters is that the school is accredited and approved by the state.
Then, a candidate has to take a pre-licensing course. At some schools, they have to take a certain number of classes per week. On the other hand, they can complete the courses at their own pace at other schools. The two options allow a candidate to balance their education and their lifestyle. Similarly, the price of courses also ranges from $200 to $1000.
What Is the Exam Like?
Upon completing the pre-licensing courses, candidates need to take a final exam. Usually, they have to take it within a certain time frame specified by each state. For example, Florida gives candidates up to two years. Then again, California requires the candidate to wait 18 days after receiving the course materials.
Usually, a candidate is given between 90 and 210 minutes to complete the licensing exam. Of course, that depends on the state. Likewise, the smallest license fee is $15, while the largest is $60.
The test will cover both state and national laws and principles. It contains about 100–140 multiple-choice questions. Candidates have to answer 70% of the questions correctly. Yet that varies between states. For example, some states require as low as 60%, while others require 75%.
Many agents agree that the exam is hard, regardless of the state. First, the candidate has to memorize a lot of information. Second, those with no prior experience in real estate or law won’t find the exam intuitive at all. The average pass rate for the six largest states in the U.S varies between 44% and 72%. It should be noted that the statistics aren’t there to scare the candidates away. Rather, they should serve as a reminder of how seriously they should prepare for the exam.
Ultimately, obtaining a real estate license entails a lot of dedication, attention, and time. While the road may be bumpy, crossing the finish line is quite rewarding. The end result is an unlimited number of possibilities for turning a profit.